Thursday, November 18, 2010

The Famous Sermon of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) in Ghadir Khum

The Famous Sermon of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) in Ghadir Khum

Non-Muslims who like to attack Islam accuse the Prophet of Islam of having
neglected to name his successor, not knowing that he actually did exactly so in
accordance with the Divine order which he had received on Thul-Hijja 17, 10
A.H./March 18, 632 A.D., announcing the name of his successor the very next day,
and here are the details:
In 10 A.H./632 A.D., immediately following Hijjatul-Wada' (the Farewell
Pilgrimage, the last pilgrimage performed by Prophet Mohammed), a divine order
was revealed to the Prophet to convey the remaining Islamic tenets: the annual
pilgrimage to Mecca and the Imamate of the Twelve Infallible Imams. The Prophet
called upon the faithful to accompany him on his last pilgrimage; he knew that
it would be his last and that he would soon have to leave this temporary abode
for the eternal one. More than one hundred and twenty thousand Muslims responded
to his call.
The Prophet and his company put on the ihram garbs at the appropriate time at
Masjid al-Shajara, a short distance from Mecca, his birthplace, which he entered
on Thul-Hijja 5, 10 A.H./March 6, 632 A.D. The Prophet's call reached Yemen
where' Ali ibn Abu Talib was acting as his representative. Twelve thousand
Yemenite pilgrims came out headed by' Ali in response to the Prophet's call to
accompany him on his historic Pilgrimage, bringing the total number of those
early pilgrims to more than one hundred and thirty-two thousand.
The Islamic pilgrimage starts in the month of Thul-Hijja (month of the
pilgrimage), the last Islamic lunar calendar month, and continues for at least
ten days. First, each pilgrim dons a special garb called ihram; males' ihram
consists of two white sheets or towels covering the upper and lower parts of the
body, whereas females wear a full white cotton outfit, simple and modest. This
ihram reminds the pilgrim of his/her death and of the equality of all before
God. All pilgrims perform the same rituals; none receives any favourable
treatment or distinction on account of his status, power, or wealth. The
pilgrimage starts by the tawaf the circling of the Ka'ba seven times. The
Ka'bais identified in Islamic literature as an earthly counterpart to the
Almighty's Throne (' Arsh) in heaven where the angels circle it in adoration.
Likewise, in imitation of those angels, Muslim pilgrims circle the Ka'ba in
adoration of their Lord. The tawaf is followed by the sa'i: the pilgrims run
back and forth seven times between the -Safa and the Marwa in commemoration of
Hagar (Hajar), mother of Ishmael, frantically searching for water for her
newborn son Ishmael. After that, the pilgrims drink of the well of Zamzam which
had appeared miraculously for Hagar and Ishmael, wash with it or use it to make
ablution for prayers at the Ka'ba but never to use it in the toilet; Zamzam is
too sacred for such an application. Then the pilgrims leave Mecca for Muzdalifa,
'Arafa, and finally Mina to perform certain rites which fall outside the scope
of this book which is intended to be a historical account of the Prophet of
Islam, not one of fiqh. The author is a writer, a researcher, someone who,
according to a friend of mine, "insists on finding out who the foundling's
father is!" But he is not a faqih. Now let us go back to our original story
after having cast a glimpse at the rite of the pilgrimage in Islam.
It was at' Arafa that the divine command was received by Prophet Muhammad to
appoint 'Ali as "Ameerul-Mo'mineen," the Commander of the Faithful, title of the
bearer of the highest temporal and religious powers in the Islamic State, one
reserved solely for caliphs, those who are supposed to be the most knowledgeable
of all people of secular and religious problems and of how to solve them.
Muhammad was also ordered to convey to' Ali the knowledge which the Almighty had
bestowed upon him so that it would not be lost once he is dead. In Mina, the
Prophet delivered two sermons in preparation of the great announcement to come.
In the first, he referred to' Ali's caliphate and reminded the audience of one
particular hadith which he had conveyed to them on various occasions and which
is identified in books of hadith as " hadith al-thaqalain," tradition of the two
weighty things (the first being the Holy Quran and the second being the
Prophet's Progeny, the" Ahl al-Bayt" mentioned in verse 33 of Chapter 33 [al-Ahzab]
of the Holy Qur'an). He delivered his second sermon at Masjid al-Khaif, also
located in Mina in the Meccan valley. In it, the Prophet reminded his audience
of' Ali's Imamate, emphasizing the necessity of disseminating the contents of
his sermon,announcing that those present were duty-bound to convey it to those
who were absent. In both of these sermons, the Prophet publicly vested upon' Ali
both powers referred to above.
As soon as the rituals of the pilgrimage were completed, and to be exact on
Thul-Hijja 17, 10 A.H./March 18, 632 A.D., the divine order came to the Prophet
embedded in verse 67 of Chapter 5 (a1-Ma'ida) quoted in the text of the
Prophet's sermon to follow. The Prophet immediately ordered Bilal ibn Rabah, his
caller to prayers and one of his faithful sahaba, to convey the following order
to the faithful: "Tomorrow, nobody should lag behind but should go to Ghadir

The word "ghadir" means "swamp," an area where rain water gathers to form a
shallow lake. Ghadir Khumm is located near the crossroads of trade and
pilgrimage caravans coming from Medina, Egypt, Iraq, Syria, and Nejd on their
way to Mecca. The presence of water and a few old trees there served as a
resting place for trade caravans for centuries. A mosque, called Masjid al-Ghadir,
was later built on the same spot where the great gathering took place to
commemorate that momentous event, an event which has unfortunately been
forgotten by the vast majority of the Muslims who, by thus forgetting, forgot
the most important part of their creed, one without which their faith is not
complete at all according to the Prophet's sermon to follow and according to the
text of the Holy Qur'an.
The announcement conveyed by Bilal was transmitted by one person to another till
it reached as far as Mecca proper, and people were wondering about what it could
be. They had expected the Prophet to linger a little bit longer at Mecca where
the pilgrims could meet him and ask him whatever questions they had about this
new institution called "hajj" and about other religious matters.
In the morning of the next day, Thul-1:1ijja 18, 10 A.H./March 19, 632A.D., the
Prophet and his 120,000 companions went to Ghadir Khumm, and so did' Ali with
his 12,000 Yemenite pilgrims who had to change their route to the north instead
of to the south where they would be home-bound. The Prophet also issued an order
to four of his closest sahaba, namely Selman-al-Farisi, Abu Tharr al-Ghifari,
Miqdad ibn al-Aswad al-Kindi and' Ammar ibn yasir, with whom the reader is
already familiar, to clear the area where the old trees stood, to uproot the
thorn bushes, collect the rocks and stones, and to clean the place and sprinkle
it with water. Then these men took a piece of cloth which they tied between two
of those trees, thus providing some shade. The Prophet told those sahaba that a
ceremony that would last for three continuous days would be held in that area.
Then the same men piled the rocks on top of each other and made a makeshift
pulpit over them of camel litters as high as the Prophet's own length. They put
another piece of cloth on the pulpit which was installed in the middle of the
crowd, giving the Prophet an overview of the whole gathering. A man was selected
to repeat loudly what the Prophet was saying so that those who stood the
furthermost would not miss a word.
The athan for the noon prayers was recited, and the congregational (jama 'a)
prayers were led by the Prophet. After that, the Prophet ascended the pulpit and
signaled to' Ali ibn Abu Talib to stand on his right. ' Ali did so, standing one
pulpit step below the Prophet. Before saying anything, the Prophet looked right
and left to make sure that people were prepared to listen to every word of his.
The sun was so hot that people had to pull some of their outer mantles over
their heads and under their feet in order to be able to somehow tolerate the
heat. Finally the Prophet delivered his historic sermon which he intended, as
the reader will see, to be not only for the assembled crowd but for all those
who were not present at that gathering and for all their offspring, one
generation after another, till the Day of Judgment.
Here is the text of the Prophet's sermon. We hope it will bring the reader
guidance in the life of this world and happiness and success in the life to come
through the intercession of Muhammad, the one loved most by Allah, peace and
blessings of the Almighty be upon him, his progeny, and true companions who
obeyed him during his lifetime and after his demise and who did not forget or
pretend to forget his following khutba:

There is a humble translation of the Prophet's historic Ghadir Khumm sermon. The
reader can review the original Arabic text included in this book.
All Praise is due to Allah Who is Exalted in His Unity, Near in His Uniqueness,
Sublime in His Authority, Magnanimous in His Dominance. He knows everything; He
subdues all creation through His might and evidence. He is Praised always and
forever, Glorified and has no end. He begins and He repeats, and to Him every
matter is referred.
Allah is the Creator of everything; He dominates with His power the earth and
the heavens. Holy, He is, and Praised, the Lord of the angels and of the
spirits. His favours overwhelm whatever He creates, and He is the Mighty over
whatever He initiates. He observes all eyes while no eye can observe Him. He is
Generous, Clement,
Patient. His mercy encompasses everything, and so is His giving. He never rushes
His revenge, nor does He hasten the retribution they deserve. He comprehends
what the breast conceals and what the conscience hides. No inner I thought can
be concealed from Him, nor does He confuse one with another. He encompasses
everything, dominates everything, and subdues everything. Nothing is like Him.
He initiates the creation from nothing; He is everlasting, living, sustaining in
the truth; there is no god but He, the Omnipotent, the Wise One.
He is greater than can be conceived by visions, while He conceives all visions,
the Eternal, the Knowing. None can describe Him by seeing Him, nor can anyone
find out how He is, be it by his intellect or by a spoken word except through
what leads to Him, the Sublime, the Mighty that He is.

I testify that He is Allah, the One Who has filled time with His Holiness, the
One Whose Light overwhelms eternity, Who effects His will without consulting
anyone; there is no partner with Him in His decisions, nor is He assisted in
running His affairs. He shaped what He made without following a preexisting
model, and He created whatever He created without receiving help from anyone,
nor did doing so exhaust Him nor frustrated His designs. He created, and so it
was, and He initiated, and it became visible. So He is Allah, the One and Only
God, the One Who does whatever He does extremely well. He is the Just One Who
never oppresses, the most Holy to Whom all affairs are referred.
I further testify that He is Allah before Whom everything is humbled, to Whose
Greatness everything is humiliated, and to Whose Dignity everything submits. He
is the King of every domain and the One Who places planets in their orbits. He
controls the movements of the sun and of the moon, each circles till a certain
time. He makes the night follow the day and the day follow the night, seeking it
incessantly. He splits the spine of every stubborn tyrant and annihilates every
mighty devil.
Never has there been any opponent opposing Him nor a peer assisting Him. He is
Independent; He never begets nor is He begotten, and none can ever be His equal.
He is One God, the Glorified Lord. His will is done; His word is the law. He
knows, so He takes account. He causes death and gives life. He makes some poor
and others rich. He causes some to smile and others to cry .He brings some
nearer to Him while distancing others from Him. He withholds and He gives. The
domain belongs to Him and so is all the Praise. In His hand is all goodness, and
He can do anything at all.
He lets the night cover the day and the day cover the night; there is no god but
He, the Sublime, the oft-Forgiving One. He responds to the supplication; He
gives generously; He computes the breath; He is the Lord of the jinns and of
mankind, the One Whom nothing confuses, nor is He annoyed by those who cry for
His help, nor is He fed-up by those who persist. He safeguards the righteous
against sinning, and He enables the winners to win. He is the Master of the
faithful, the Lord of the Worlds Who deserves the appreciation of all those whom
He created and is praised no matter what.
I praise Him and always thank Him for the ease He brings me and for the
constriction, in hardship and in prosperity, and I believe in Him, in His
angels, in His Books and messengers. I listen to His Command and I obey, and I
initiate the doing of whatever pleases Him, and I submit to His decree hoping to
acquire obedience to Him and fear of His penalty, for He is Allah against Whose
designs nobody should feel secure, nor should anyone ever fear His "oppression."
I testify, even against my own soul, that I am His servant, and I bear witness
that he is my Lord. I convey what He reveals to me, being cautious lest I should
not do it, so a catastrophe from Him would befall upon me, one which none can
keep away, no matter how great his design may be and how sincere his friendship.
There is no god but He, for He has informed me that if I do not convey what He
has just revealed to me in honor of' Ali in truth, I will not have conveyed His
Message at all, and He, the Praised and the Exalted One, has guaranteed for me
to protect me from the (evil) people, and He is Allah, the One Who suffices, the
Sublime. He has just revealed to me the following (verse):
---------- بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ -----------
(يَا أَيُّهَا الرَّسُولُ بَلِّغْ مَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ مِن رَّبِّكَ ۖ وَإِن لَّمْ تَفْعَلْ فَمَا بَلَّغْتَ رِسَالَتَهُ ۚ وَاللَّـهُ يَعْصِمُكَ مِنَ النَّاسِ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْكَافِرِينَ(67

Ayat:67 سورة المائدة
In The Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
O Messenger! Convey what has (just) been revealed to you (with regard to 'Ali),
and if you do not do so, you will not have conveyed His Message at all, and
Allah shall Protect you from (evil) people; surely Allah will not guide the

people.(Qur'an, 5:67) O people! I have not committed any shortcoming in conveying what Allah Almighty
revealed to me, and I am now going to explain to you the reason behind the
revelation of this verse: Three times did Gabriel command me on behalf of the
Peace, my Lord, Who is the source of all peace, to thus make a stand in order to
inform everyone, black and white, that: ' Ali ibn Abu Talib is my Brother, Wasi,
and successor over my nation and the Imam after me, the one whose status to me
is like that of Aaron to Moses except there will be no prophet after me, and he
is your master next only to Allah and to His Messenger, and Allah has already
revealed to me the same in one of the fixed verses1 of His Book saying, "Your
Master is Allah and His Messenger and those who believe, those who keep up
prayers and pay zakat even as they bow down" (Qur'an, 5:55), and, Ali ibn Abu
Talib the one who keeps up prayers, who pays zakat even as he bows down, seeking
to please Allah, the Sublime, the Almighty, on each and every occasion.
I asked Gabriel to plead to the Peace to excuse me from having to convey such a
message to you, O people, due to my knowledge that the pious are few1 while the
hypocrites are many, and due to those who will blame me, and due to the trickery
of those who ridicule Islam and whom Allah described in His Book as saying with
their tongues contrarily to what their hearts conceal, thinking lightly of it,
while it is with Allah magnanimous, and due to the abundance of their harm to
me, so much so that they called me "ears" and claimed that I am so because of
being so much in his (' Ali's) company, always welcoming him, loving him and
being so much pleased with him till Allah, the Exalted and the Sublime One,
revealed in this regard the verse saying: " And there are some of them who harm
the (feelings of the) Prophet and say: He is an ear (uthun; i.e. he always
listens to' Ali).
Say: One who listens (to' Ali) is good for you; He believes in Allah and
testifies to the conviction of the believers and a mercy for those of you who
believe; and those who (thus ) harm the Messenger of Allah shall have a painful
punishment" (Qur'an, 9:61). Had I wished to name those who have called me so, I
would have called them by their names, and I would have pointed them out. I
would have singled them out and called them by what they really are, but I, by
Allah, am fully aware of their affairs. Yet despite all of that, Allah insisted
that I should convey what He has just revealed to me in honor of' Ali. Then the
Prophet recited the following verse:)

O Messenger! Convey what has (just) been revealed to you (with regard to 'Ali),
and if you do not do so, you will not have conveyed His Message at all, and
Allah shall protect you from (evil) people. (Qur'an, 5:67)

O people! Comprehend (the implications of) what I have just said, and again do
comprehend it, and be (further) informed that Allah has installed him (' Ali) as
your Master and Imam, obligating the Muhajirun and the Ansar and those who
follow them in goodness to obey him, and so must everyone who lives in the
desert or in the city, who is a non-Arab or an Arab, who is a free man or a
slave, who is young or old, white or black, and so should everyone who believes
in His Unity. His decree shall be carried out. His (' Ali's) word is binding;
his command is obligating; cursed is whoever opposes him,blessed with mercy is
whoever follows him and believes in him, for Allah has already forgiven him and
forgiven whoever listens to him and obeys him.

O people! This is the last stand I make in such a situation; so, listen and
obey, and submit to the Command of Allah, your Lord, for Allah, the Exalted and
the Sublime One, is your Master and Lord, then next to Him is His Messenger and
Prophet who is now addressing you, then after me 'Ali is your Master and Imam
according to the Command of Allah, your Lord, then the lmams from among my
progeny, his offspring, till the Day you meet Allah and His Messenger.

Nothing is permissible except what is deemed so by Allah, His Messenger, and
they (the Imams), and nothing is prohibitive except what is deemed so by Allah
and His Messenger and they (the Imams). Allah, the Exalted and the Sublime One,
has made me acquainted with what is permissible and what is prohibitive, and I
have conveyed to you what my Lord has taught me of His Book, of what it decrees
as permissible or as prohibitive.

O people! Prefer him (' Ali) over all others! There is no knowledge except that
Allah has divulged it to me, and all the knowledge I have learned I have
divulged to Imam al-Muttaqin (leader of the righteous), and there is no
knowledge (that I know) except that I divulged it to' Ali, and he is al-Imam al-Mubin
(the evident Imam) whom Allah mentions in Surat ya-Sin: "... and everything We
have computed is in (the knowledge of) an evident Imam" (Qur'an, 36:12).

O people! Do not abandon him, nor should you flee away from him, nor should you
be too arrogant to accept his authority, for he is the one who guides to
righteousness and who acts according to it. He defeats falsehood and prohibits
others from acting according to it, accepting no blame from anyone while seeking
to please Allah. He is the first to believe in Allah and in His Messenger; none
preceded him as such. And he is the one who offered his life as a sacrifice for
the Messenger of Allah and who was in the company of the Messenger of Allah
while no other man was. He is the first of all people to offer prayers and the
first to worship Allah with me. I ordered him, on behalf of Allah, to sleep in
my bed, and he did, offering his life as a sacrifice for my sake.

O people! Prefer him (over all others), for Allah has preferred him, and accept
him, for Allah has appointed him (as your leader).

O people! He is an Imam appointed by Allah, and Allah shall never accept the
repentance of anyone who denies his authority, nor shall He forgive him; this is
a must decree from Allah never to do so to anyone who opposes him, and that He
shall torment him with a most painful torment for all time to come, for
eternity; so, beware lest you should oppose him and thus enter the fire the fuel
of which is the people and the stones prepared for the unbelievers.

O people! By Allah! All past prophets and messengers conveyed the glad tiding of
my advent, and I, by Allah, am the seal of the prophets and of the messengers
and the argument against all beings in the heavens and on earth. Anyone who
doubts this commits apostasy similar to that of the early jahiliyya, and anyone
who doubts anything of what I have just said doubts everything which has been
revealed to me, and anyone who doubts any of the Imams doubts all of them, and
anyone who doubts us shall be lodged in the fire.

O people! Allah, the most Exalted and the Almighty, has bestowed this virtue
upon me out of His kindness towards' Ali and as a boon to' Ali and there is no
god but He; to Him all praise belongs in all times, for eternity, and in all

O people! Prefer' Ali (over all others), for he is the very best of all people
after me, be they males or females, so long as Allah sends down His sustenance,
so long as there are beings. Cursed and again cursed, condemned and again
condemned, is anyone who does not accept this statement of mine and who does not
agree to it. Gabriel himself has informed me of the same on behalf of Allah
Almighty Who he said (in Gabriel's words): " Anyone who antagonizes' Ali and
refuses to accept his wilayat shall incur My curse upon him and My wrath." "...
and let every soul consider what it has sent forth for the morrow, and be
careful of (your duty to) Allah" (Qur'an, 59:18), "And do not make your oaths a
means of deceit between you lest a foot should slip after its stability" (Qur'an,
16:94), " Allah is fully aware of all what you do" (Qur'an, 58: 13).

O people! He (' Ali) is janb-Allah mentioned in the Book of Allah, the Sublime
One: The Almighty, forewarning his (' Ali's) adversaries, says, "Lest a soul
should say: O woe unto me for what I fell short of my duty to Allah, and most
surely I was of those who laughed to scorn" (Qur'an, 39:56).

O people! Study the Qur'an and comprehend its verses, look into its fixed verses
and do not follow what is similar thereof, for by Allah, none shall explain to
you what it forbids you from doing, nor clarify its exegesis, other than the one
whose hand I am taking and whom I am lifting to me, the one whose arm I am
taking and whom I am lifting, so that I may enable you to understand that:
Whoever among you takes me as his master, this, Ali is his master, and he is'
Ali ibn Abu Talib, my Brother and wasi, and his appointment as your wali is from
Allah, the Sublime, the Exalted One, a commandment which He revealed to me.

O people! ' Ali and the good ones from among my offspring from his loins are the
Lesser Weight, while the Qur'an is the Greater One: each one of them informs you
of and agrees with the other. They shall never part till they meet me at the
Pool (of Kawthar).

They are the Trustees of Allah over His creation, the rulers on His earth.Indeed
now I have performed my duty and conveyed the Message. Indeed you have heard
what I have said and explained. Indeed Allah, the Exalted One and the Sublime,
has said, and so have Ion behalf of Allah, the Exalted One and the Sublime, that
there is no Ameerul-Mo'mineen (Commander of the Faithful) save this Brother of
mine; no authority over a believer is permissible after me except to him.

Then the Prophet patted ' Ali's arm, lifting him up. Since the time when the
Messenger of Allah ascended the pulpit, Ameerul-Mo'mineen was one pulpit step
below where the Messenger of Allah had seated himself on his pulpit, while' Ali
was on his (Prophet's) right side, one pulpit step lower, now they both appeared
to the gathering to be on the same level; the Prophet lifted him up. The Prophet
then raised his hands to the heavens in supplication while' Ali's leg was
touching the knee of the Messenger of Allah. The Prophet continued his sermon

O people! This is' Ali, my Brother, Wasi, the one who comprehends my knowledge,
and my successor over my nation, over everyone who believes in me. He is the one
entrusted with explaining the Book of Allah, the most Exalted One, the Sublime,
and the one who invites people to His path. He is the one who does whatever
pleases Him, fighting His enemies, befriending His friends who obey Him,
prohibiting disobedience to Him. He is the successor of the Messenger of Allah
and Ameerul- Mo'mineen, the man assigned by Allah to guide others, killer of the
renegades and of those who believe in equals to Allah, those who violate the
Commandments of Allah. Allah says, "My Word shall not be changed, nor am I in
the least unjust to the servants" (Qur'an, 50.29), and by Your Command, O Lord,
do I (submit and) say, O Allah! Befriend whoever befriends him (Ali) and be the
enemy of whoever antagonizes him; support whoever supports him and abandon
whoever abandons him; curse whoever disavows him, and let Your Wrath descend on
whoever usurps his right.

O Lord! You revealed a verse in honor of' Ali, Your wali, in its explanation and
to effect Your own appointment of him this very day did You say, "This day have
I perfected your religion for you, completed My favour on you, and chosen for
you Islam as a religion"

(Qur'an, 5.3); "And whoever desires a religion other than Islam, it shall not be
accepted from him, and in the hereafter he shall be one of the losers" (Qur'an,

Lord! I implore You to testify that I have conveyed (Your Message).

O people! Allah, the Exalted and the Sublime, has perfected your religion
through his (' Ali's) Imamate; so, whoever rejects him as his Imam or rejects
those of my offspring from his loins who assume the same status (as lmams) till
the Day of Judgment when they shall all be displayed before Allah, the Exalted
and the Sublime, these are the ones whose (good) deeds shall be nil and void in
the life of this world and in the hereafter, and in the fire shall they be
lodged forever, " ...their torture shall not be decreased, nor shall they be
given a respite" (Qur'an,2:162).

O people! Here is' Ali, the one who has supported me more than anyone else among
you, the one who most deserves my gratitude, the one who is closest of all of
you to me and the one who is the very dearest to me. Both Allah, the Exalted and
the Sublime, and I are pleased with him, and no verse of the Holy Qur'an
expressing Allah's Pleasure except that he is implied therein, nor has any verse
of praise been revealed in the Qur'an except that he is implied therein, nor has
the Lord testified to Paradise in the (Qur'anic) Chapter starting with "Has
there not come over man a long period of timewhen he was nothing (not even)
mentioned?" (Qur'an, 76:1) nor was this Chapter revealed except in his praise.

O people! He is the one who supports the religion of Allah, who argues on behalf
of the Messenger of Allah. He is the pious, the pure, the guide, the one rightly
guided. Your Prophet is the best of all prophets, and your wasi is the best of
all wasis, and his offspring are the best of wasis .

O people! Each prophet's progeny is from his own loins whereas mine is from the
loins of Arneerul-Mo'mineen ' Ali.

O people! Iblis caused Adam to be dismissed from the garden through envy; so, do
not envy him lest your deeds should be voided and lest your feet should slip
away, for Adam was sent down to earth after having committed only one sin, and
he was among the elite of Allah's creation. How, then, will be your case, and
you being who you are, and among you are enemies of Allah?

Indeed, none hates' Ali except a wretch, and none accepts ' Ali's wilayat except
a pious person. None believes in him except a sincere mu'min, and in honor of,
Ali was the Chapter of 'Asr (Ch. 103) revealed, I swear to it by Allah: "In the
Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. I swear by time that most surely
man is in loss" (Qur'an, 103:1-2) except' Ali who believed and was pleased with
the truth and with perseverance.

O people! I have sought Allah to be my Witness and have conveyed my Message to
you, and the Messenger is obligated only to clearly convey (his Message).

O people! " Fear Allah as Re ought to be feared, and do not die except as
Muslims" (Qur'an, 3:102). O people! " ...Believe in what We have revealed,
verifying what you have, before We alter faces then turn them on their backs or
curse them as We cursed the violators of the Sabbath" (Qur'an, 4:47). By Allah!
Redid not imply anyone in this verse except a certain band of my sahaba whom I
know by name and by lineage, and I have been ordered (by my Lord) to pardon
them; so, let each person deal with ' Ali according to what he finds in his
heart of love or of hatred.

O people! The noor from Allah, the Exalted One and the Sublime, flows through me
then through ‘Ali ibn Abu Talib then in the progeny that descends from him till
al-Qa'imal-Mehdi, who shall effect the justice of Allah, and who will take back
any right belonging to us because Allah, the Exalted and the Sublime, made us
Hujjat over those who take us lightly, the stubborn ones, those who act
contrarily to our word, who are treacherous, who are sinners, who are
oppressors, who are usurpers, from the entire world.

O people! I warn you that I am the Messenger of Allah; messengers before me have
already passed away; so, should I die or should I be killed, are you going to
turn upon your heels? And whoever turns upon his heels shall not harm Allah in
the least, and Allah shall reward those who are grateful, those who persevere.
'Ali is surely the one described with perseverance and gratitude, then after him
are my offspring from his loins.

O people! Do not think that you are doing me a favour by your accepting Islam.
Nay! Do not think that you are doing Allah such a favour lest He should void
your deeds, lest His wrath should descend upon you, lest He should try you with
a flame of fire and brass; surely your Lord is ever-watchful.

O people! There shall be Imams after me who shall invite people to the fire, and
they shall not be helped on the Day of Judgment.

O people! Allah and I are both clear of them.

O people! They and their supporters and followers shall be in the lowest rung of
the fire;miserable, indeed, is the resort of the arrogant ones. Indeed, these
are the folks of the sahifa; so, let each one of you look into his sahifa!

This reference to the sahifa has been overlooked by most people with the
exception of a small band, and we will, Insha-Allah, shed a light on this sahifa
later on. The Prophet continued his historic sermon thus:

O people! I am calling for it to be an Imamate and a succession confined to my
offspring till the Day of Judgment, and I have conveyed only what I have been
commanded (by my Lord) to convey to drive the argument home against everyone
present or absent and on everyone who has witnessed or who has not, who is
already born or he is yet to be born; therefore, let those present here convey
it to those who are absent, and let the father convey it to his son, and so on
till the Day of Judgment.

And they shall make the Imamate after me a property, a usurpation; may Allah
curse the usurpers who usurp1, and it is then that you, O jinns and mankind,
will get the full attention of the One Who shall cause a flame of fire and brass
to be hurled upon you, and you shall not achieve any victory!

O people! Allah, the Exalted and the Sublime, is not to let you be whatever you
want to be except so that He may distinguish the bad ones from among you from
the good, and Allah is not to make you acquainted with the unknown.

O people! There shall be no town that falsifies except that Allah shall
annihilate it on account of its falsehood before the Day of Judgment, and He
shall give al-lmam al-Mehdi (U authority over it, and surely Allah's promise is

O people! Most of the early generations before you have strayed, and by Allah,
He surely annihilated the early generations, and He shall annihilate the later
ones. Allah Almighty has said, "Did We not destroy the former

generations? Then did We follow them up with later ones. Even thus shall We deal
with the guilty. Woe on that Day to the rejecters!" (Qur'an, 77: 16-19).

O people! Allah has ordered me to do and not to do, and I have ordered 'Ali to
do and not to do, so he learned what should be done and what should not;
therefore. you should listen to his orders so that you may be safe, and you
should obey him so that you may be rightly guided. Do not do what he forbids you
from doing so that you may acquire wisdom. Agree with him, and do not let your
paths be different from his.

O people! I am al-Sirat al-Mustaqeem (the Straight Path) of Allah whom He
commanded you to follow, and it is after me 'Ali then my offspring from his
loins, the Imams of Guidance: they guide to the truth and act accordingly.

Then the Prophet recited the entire text of Surat al-Fatiha and commented by

It is in my honor that this (Sura) was revealed, including them (the Imams)
specifically; they are the friends of Allah for whom there shall be no fear, nor
shall they grieve; truly the Party of Allah are the winners.

Indeed, it is their enemies who are the impudent ones, the deviators, the
brethren of Satan; they inspire each other with embellished speech out of their

Indeed, their (Imams') friends are the ones whom Allah, the Exalted One, the
Great, mentions in His Book saying, "You shall not find a people who believe in
Allah and in the latter Day befriending those who act in opposition to Allah and
to His Prophet, even though they may be their own fathers or sons or brothers or
kinsfolk; these are they into whose hearts He has impressed conviction" (Qur'an,
58:22). Indeed, their (Imams') friends are the mu'mins (believers) whom Allah,
the Exalted One, the Sublime, describes as: "Those who believe and do not mix up
their faith with iniquity, those are the ones who shall have the security, and
they are the rightly guided" (Qur'an, 6:82).

Indeed, their friends are those who believed and never doubted. Indeed, their
friends are the ones who shall enter Paradise in peace and security; the angels
shall receive them with welcome saying, "Peace be upon you! Enter it and reside
in it forever!"

Indeed, their friends shall be rewarded with Paradise where they shall be
sustained without having to account for anything.

Indeed, their enemies are the ones who shall be hurled into the fire.

Indeed, their enemies are the ones who shall hear the exhalation of hell as it
increases in intensity, and they shall see it sigh.

Indeed, their enemies are the ones thus described by Allah: "Whenever a nation
enters, it shall curse its sister..." (Qur'an, 7:38).

Indeed, their enemies are the ones whom Allah, the Exalted One and the Sublime,
describes thus: "Whenever a group is cast into it, its keepers shall ask them:
Did any warner not come to you? They shall say: Yea! Indeed, there came to us a
warner but we rejected (him) and said: Allah has not revealed anything; you are
only in a great error. And they shall say: Had we but listened or pondered, we
would not have been among the inmates of the burning fire. So they shall
acknowledge their sins, but far will be forgiveness) from the inmates of the
burning fire" (Qur'an, 67:8-11).

Indeed, their friends are the ones who fear their Lord in the unseen;
forgiveness shall be theirs and a great reward.

O people! What a difference it is between the fire and the great reward! .

O people! Our enemy is the one whom Allah censures and curses, whereas our
friend is everyone praised and loved by Allah.

O people! I am the Warner (nathir) and' Ali is the one who brings glad tidings (bashir).

O people! I am the one who warns (munthir) while 'Ali is the guide (hadi).

O people! I am a Prophet (nabi) and' Ali is the successor (wasi).

O people! I am a Messenger (rasul) and' Ali is the Imam and the Wasi after me,
and so are the Imams after him from among his offspring. Indeed, I am their
father, and they shall descend from his loins.

Indeed, the seal of the Imams from among us is al-Qa'im al-Mehdi. He, indeed, is
the one who shall come out so that the creed may prevail. He, indeed, is the one
who shall seek revenge against the oppressor. He, indeed, is the one who
conquers the forts and demolishes them. He, indeed, is the one who subdues every
tribe from among the people of polytheism and the one to guide it.

He is the one who shall seek redress for all friends of Allah. He is the one who
supports the religion of Allah. He ever derives (his knowledge) from a very deep
ocean. He shall identify each man of distinction by his distinction and every
man of ignorance by his ignorance. He shall be the choicest of Allah's beings
and the chosen one. He is the heir of all (branches of) knowledge, the one who
encompasses every perception. He conveys on behalf of his Lord, the Exalted and
the Sublime, who points out His miracles. He is the wise, the one endowed with
wisdom, the one upon whom (Divine) authority is vested.

Glad tidings of him have been conveyed by past generations, yet he is the one
who shall remain as a Hujja, and there shall be no Hujja after him nor any right
except with him, nor any Noor except with him.

None, indeed, shall subdue him, nor shall he ever be vanquished. He is the
friend of Allah on His earth, the judge over His creatures, the custodian of
what is evident and what is hidden of His.

O people! I have explained (everything) for you and enabled you to comprehend
it, and this 'Ali shall after me explain everything to you.

At the conclusion of my khutba, I shall call upon you to shake hands with me to
swear your allegiance to him and to recognize his authority, then to shake hands
with him after you have shaken hands with me.

I had, indeed, sworn allegiance to Allah, and ‘Ali had sworn allegiance to me,
and I on behalf of Allah, the Exalted One and the Sublime, I require you to
swear the oath of allegiance to him: "Surely those who swear (the oath of)
allegiance to you do but swear allegiance to Allah; the hand of Allah is above
their hands; therefore, whoever reneges (from his oath), he reneges only to the
injury of his own soul, and whoever fulfills what he has covenanted with Allah,
He will grant him a mighty reward" (Qur'an,48:10).

O people! The pilgrimage (hajj) and the 'umra are among Allah's rituals; "So
whoever makes a pilgrimage to the House or pays a visit (to it), there is no
blame on him if he goes round them [Safa and Marwa] both" (Qur'an, 2:158).

O people! Perform your pilgrimage to the House, for no members of a family went
there except that they became wealthy, and receive glad tidings! None failed to
do so except that their lineage was cut-off and were impoverished.

O people! No believer stands at the standing place [at 'Arafa] except that Allah
forgives his past sins till then; so, once his pilgrimage is over, he resumes
his deeds.

O people! Pilgrims are assisted, and their expenses shall be replenished, and
Allah never suffers the rewards of the doers of good to be lost.

O people! Perform your pilgrimage to the House by perfecting your religion and
by delving into fiqh, and do not leave the sacred places except after having
repented and abandoned (the doing of anything prohibited).

O people! Uphold prayers and pay the zakat as Allah, the Exalted One and the
Sublime, commanded you; so, if time lapses and you were short of doing so or you
forgot, ' Ali is your wali and he will explain for you.

He is the one whom Allah, the Exalted and the Sublime, appointed for you after
me as the custodian of Hiscreation. He is from me and I am from him, and he and
those who will succeed him from my progeny shall inform you of anything you ask
them about, and they shall clarify whatever you do not know.

Halal and haram things are more than I can count for you now or explain, for a
commandment to enjoin what is permissible and a prohibition from what is not
permissible are both on the same level, so I was ordered (by my Lord) to take
your oath of allegiance and to make a covenant with you to accept what I brought
you from Allah, the Exalted One and the Sublime, with regards to' Ali
Ameerul-Mo'mineen and to the wasis after him who are from me and from him, a
standing Imamate whose seal is al-Mehdi till the Day he meets Allah Who decrees
and Who judges.

O people! I never refrained from informing you of everything permissible or
prohibitive; so, do remember this and safeguard it and advise each other to do
likewise; do not alter it; do not substitute it with something else.

I am now repeating what I have already said: Uphold the prayers and pay the
zakat and enjoin righteousness and forbid abomination.

The peak of enjoining righteousness is to resort to my speech and to convey it
to whoever did not attend it and to order him on my behalf to accept it and to
(likewise) order him not to violate it, for it is an order from Allah, the
Exalted and the Sublime, and there is no knowledge of enjoining righteousness
nor prohibiting abomination except that it is with a ma'soom Imam.

0 people! The Qur'an informs you that the Imams after him are his (' Ali's)
descendants, and I have already informed you that they are from me and from him,
for Allah says in His Book, " And he made it a word to continue in his posterity
so that they may return " (Qur'an, 43:28) while I have said: "You shall not
stray as long as you uphold both of them (simultaneously)."

O people! (Uphold) piety, (uphold) piety, and be forewarned of the Hour as
Allah, the Exalted and the Sublime, has said, "0 people! Guard (yourselves)
against (punishment from) your Lord; surely the violence of the Hour is a
grievous thing" (Qur'an, 22:1).
Remember death, resurrection, the judgment, the scales, and the account before
the Lord of the Worlds, and (remember) the rewards and the penalty. So whoever
does a good deed shall be rewarded for it, and whoever commits a sin shall have
no place in the Gardens.
O people! You are more numerous than (it is practical) to shake hands with me
all at the same time, and Allah, the Exalted and the Sublime, commanded me to
require you to confirm what authority I have vested upon 'Ali Ameerul-Mo'mineen
and to whoever succeeds him of the Imams from me and from him, since I have just
informed you that my offspring are from his loins.
You, therefore, should say in one voice: "We hear, and we obey; we accept and we
are bound by what you have conveyed to us from our Lord and yours with regard to
our Imam' Ali (V' Ameerul-Mo'mineen, and to the Imams, your sons from his loins.
We swear the oath of allegiance to you in this regard with our hearts, with our
souls, with our tongues, with our hands. According to it shall we live, and
according to it shall we die, and according to it shall we be resurrected. We
shall not alter anything or substitute anything with another, nor shall we doubt
nor deny nor suspect, nor shall we violate our covenant nor abrogate the pledge.
You admonished us on behalf of Allah with regard to' Ali ( Ameerul-Mo'mineen,
and to the Imams whom you mentioned to be from your offspring from among his
descendants after him: al-Hasan and al-Husain and to whoever is appointed (as
such) by Allah after them. The covenant and the pledge are taken from us, from
our hearts, from our souls, from our tongues, from our conscience, from our
hands. Whoever does so by his handshake, it shall be so, or otherwise testified
to it by his tongue, and we do not seek any substitute for it, nor shall Allah
see our souls deviating there from. We shall convey the same on your behalf to
anyone near and far of our offspring and families, and we implore Allah to
testify to it, and surely Allah suffices as the Witness and you, too, shall
testify for us."
O people! What are you going to say?! Allah knows every sound and the innermost
of every soul; "Whoever chooses the right guidance, it is for his own soul that
he is rightly guided, and whoever strays, it is only to its detriment that he
goes astray" (Qur'an, 17:15).
O people! Swear the oath of allegiance to Allah, and swear it to me, and swear
it to' Ali Ameerul-Mo'mineen, and to al-Hasan and al-Husain and to the Imams
from their offspring in the life of this world and in the hereafter, a word that
shall always remain so. Allah shall annihilate anyone guilty of treachery and be
merciful upon everyone who remains true to his word: "Whoever reneges (from his
oath), he reneges only to the harm of his own soul, and whoever fulfills what he
has covenanted with Allah, He will grant him a mighty reward" (Qur'an, 48:10).
O people! Repeat what I have just told you to, and greet' Ali with the title of
authority of "Ameerul-Mo'mineen" and say: "We hear, and we obey, O Lord! Your
forgiveness (do we seek), and to You is the eventual course" (Qur'an, 2:285),
and you should say: "All praise is due to Allah Who guided us to this, and we
would not have found the way had it not been for Allah Who guided us" (Qur'an,
O people! The merits of' Ali ibn Abu Talib with Allah, the Exalted and the
Sublime, the merits which are revealed in the Qur'an, are more numerous than I
can recount in one speech; so, whoever informs you of them and defines them for
you, you should believe him.
O people! Whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger and' Ali (U and the Imams to
whom I have already referred shall attain a great victory. O people! Those
foremost from among you who swear allegiance to him and who pledge to obey him
and who greet him with the greeting of being the Commander of the Faithful are
the ones who shall win the Gardens of Felicity.
O people! Say what brings you the Pleasure of Allah, for if you and all the
people of the earth disbelieve, it will not harm Allah in the least.
O Lord! Forgive the believers through what I have conveyed, and let Your Wrath
descend upon those who renege, the apostates, and all Praise is due to Allah,
the Lord of the Worlds.

Thus did the Prophet of Allah speak on behalf of the Almighty Who sent him as
the beacon of guidance not only for the Muslims but for all mankind. But the
question that forces itself here is: "What happened after that historic event?
Why did the Muslims forget, or pretend to have forgotten, their Prophet's
instructions with regards to' Ali and "elected" someone else in his stead? To
answer this question requires another book,and indeed many such books have been
written. May the Almighty grant all of us guidance, and may He count us among
His true servants who recognize the truth when they see it, who abide by His
tenets, Who revere His Prophet and follow his instructions in all times, in all
climes, Allahomma Ameen.
The following constitutes only major references of the components of Khutba of
Ghadeer. In these references the reader can deliberate on the various portions
of this historic sermon as quoted in bits and pieces in those references. Most
of these references are considered reliable by the majority of Muslims (of the
Shi'a or Sunni persuation):

1. Jalaal ad-Deen al-Sayyuti, Kitaab Al-Itqaan, Vol. 1, p. 31.
2. al-Majlisi,, Vol. 21, pp. 360-90, Vol. 37, pp. 111-235, and
Vol. 41, p. 228.He Quotes book al-Ih'tijaj by al-Tibrisi (vol.2)
3. Al-Bldaaya wal Nihaaya, Vol. 5, p. 208.
4. Badee' al-Ma'aani, p. 75
5. Tareekh Baghdad, V01. 1, p. 411 and V01. 8, p. 290.
6. Tareekh Dimashq, Vol. 5, p. 210.
7. Ibn al-Jawziyya, Tadh'kirat al-Khawaas, pp. 18-20.
8. Ibn al-Sa'ud's Tafseer, Vol. 8, p. 292.
9. Al-Tibari, Tafseer al-Qur'an, Vol. 3, p. 428 and Vol. 6, p. 46.
10. al-Fakhr al-Razi, Al-Tafseer al-Kabeer, Vol. 3, p. 636.
11. Al-Tamhid fi USool al-Deen, p. 171.
12. Tayseer al-Wusul, Vol. 1, p. 122.
13. Ghiyaath ad-Din ibn Hammaam, Tareekh Habib al-Siyar, V01. 1, p. 144.
14. al-Maqrizi, Khutat, p. 223.
15. al-Sayyuti, Al-Durr al-Manthur, Vol. 2, pp. 259, 298.
16. Thakhaa'ir al-'Uqba, p. 68.
17. Ruh al-Ma'aani, Vol. 2, p. 348.
18. Mohibb al-Tabal-;, AI.Riyadh al-r:adhirah, Vol. 2, p.169.
19. Al-Siraaj al-Munir, Vol. 4, p. 364.
20. al-Hakim, Al-Seera al-Halabiyya, Vol. 3, p. 302.
21. Shar'h al-Mawaahib, V01. 7, p. 13.
22. Ibn Hajar al-' Asqalaani, Al-Sawaa'iq al-Muhriqa, p. 26.
23. Ibn al-Badriq, Al-'Umda, p. 52.
24. Badr ad-Deen, 'Umdat al-Qari fi Shar'h al-Bukhari, V01. 8, p. 584.
25. al-Ghadeer, V01. 2, p. 57.
26. Sharafud-Deen al-Musawi, AI-Fusul al-Muhimma, pp. 25-27.
27. Fadha 'il al-Sahaaba, p. 272.
28. Faydh al-Ghadeer, V01. 6, p. 218.
29. Kashf al-Ghumma, p. 94.
30. Kifaayat al- Taalib, pp. 17, 28.
31. al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, Kanz al-'Ummaal, Vol. 6, p. 397.
32. Imam Ibn Hanbal, Mus'nad, V01. 4, p. 281.
33. Mishkaat al-Masabeeh, p. 272.
34. Mushkil al-aathaar, Vol. 3, p. 196.
35. Mataalib al-Su'ul, p. 16.
36. Muftah al-Najaat, p. 216.
37. al-Shahristaani, AI-Milal wal Nihal, V 01. 1, p. 220.
38. al-Khawarizmi, Manaaqib, pp. 80, 94.
39. Ibn al-Maghaazli, Manaaqib, p. 232.
40. al-Qastalani, Al-Mawaahib, Vol. 2, p. 13.
41. al-Samhudi, Wafaa' al-Wafaa', Vol. 2, p. 173.
42. al-Qanduzi, Yanabi al-Mawadda, p. 120.

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