One day Imam Musa Kazim was passing by the tent of a Nomad who was a black man. He went up to him and said "Salam-Alaikum", in a warm and friendly manner.
Upon leaving he said good-bye to him in a very kind manner with these words: "If there is anything I can do for you, I'm more than willing to do it".
One of the followers of the Imam who saw this attitude said "Is it suitable for you, the son of the messenger of Allah, to sit and talk with a man of no reputation and make such an offer as: If you need me in any work, I'm more than willing to do it? Is it right for a man of great dignity to talk to a man like that?".
The Imam replied, "This is one of Allah's creatures. Allah has created all men equal. Besides, as a Muslim, he is our brother in faith. After all, life does not remain the same forever. One who needs help today may be the one who will be able to help us tomorrow when we'll need help! If we don't pay any attention to him today, one day when we may need him we will be embarrassed to ask him for help".
There was a poor uneducated farmer who was very rude to our 7th Imam, Imam Musa al-Kadhim (AS) whenever he saw him.
No matter how rude this man was, Imam (AS) never got angry and he never said anything to the man.
Imam's (AS) friends wanted to punish the rude man, but Imam (AS) would not allow them to. Imam (AS) told them that he himself would teach this man a lesson.
One day Imam Musa al-Kadhim (AS) rode out to the rude man's farm where the man was working. When the man saw Imam (AS) he stopped working and put his hands on his hips, ready to be abusive again.
Imam (AS) dismounted, went towards the man and greeted him with a friendly, smiling face. Imam (AS) then told him that he should not overwork himself and that the land he had was very good. He then asked him how much he was expecting to receive for the crop.
The farmer was amazed at Imam (AS) politeness and sincerity, he waited a little then said that he was expecting to get around 200 gold pieces. Imam (AS) took out a purse and gave it to the farmer telling him that in it was 300 gold pieces, more than the value of his crop. Imam (AS) told the man to take the money and also to keep the crop, and that he hoped the man would receive more for it.
The farmer faced with such kind behaviour and good Akhlaq, was very ashamed of himself and asked Imam (AS) for forgiveness.
After that when ever the man would see Imam (AS) he would greet him very politely. The Imam's (AS) friends were very surprised!
Reply to Abu Hanifa
One day when our 7th Imam, Imam Musa al-Kadhim (AS) was only 5 years old, Abu Hanifa asked him who is responsible for our deeds. Does man do them of his own free will or does Allah make him do them.
Imam (AS) replied that were are three possibilities:
Allah makes man do them.
Both Allah and man are responsible.
Man does them alone.
If the first is true than Allah should be judged on the day of Qiyamat and sent to heaven or hell.
If the second is true that both Allah and man should be judged on the day of Qiyamat and sent to heaven or hell.
The only one that is true is the third one because only man will be judged on the day of Qiyaaat and sent to heaven or hell, as only man alone is responsible for his actions and deeds.
Imam Musa al-Kazim, peace be on him, was the most generous of all the people and the most abundant of them in giving to the miserable and the deprived. It is worth mentioning that he asked them to conceal his gifts and not announce them, for he sought reward from Allah, the Exalted.
The narrators have said: "He went out in the darkness of night carrying gifts to the miserable and the weak, and they did not know the person who gave these gifts to them. His gifts to them were ranging from two hundred dinars to four hundred dinars. His family would say: 'We are amazed by those who complain of paucity and poverty while the gifts of Mu`sa` reach them!'
The history books are full of examples of his kindness to the poor. He lavishly spent on them, so he freed them from need to begging. The biographers have unanimously agreed on that he thought that the best way for spending money was to meet the hunger of the hungry and to clothe the naked.